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Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania near the border of Kenya. It's just south of the equator. Kilimanjaro is the highestmountain in Africa and fourth highest of the seven summits, it's considered the tallest freestanding mountain in the world, rising 15,100 feet (4600 meters from base to summit. Kilimanjaro is composed of three distinct volcanic cones. Ibo 19,340 feet, mawenzi 16,867 feet and Shira 13000 feet, Uhuru peak is the highest summit on kibo's crater rim. Kilimanjaro is a giant stratovolcano that began forming a million years ago when the lava spilled from the rift valley zone. The mountain was formed by successive lava flows.
Two of its three peaks mawenzi and shira are extinct while Kibo, the highest peak is dormant and could erupt again. The major eruption occurred 360,000 years ago, while the most recent activity was only 200 years ago. Kilimanjaro has 2.2 sq kilometers of glacial ice and is losing it quickly due to global warming. The glaciers have shrunk 82% since 1912 and declined 33% since 1989.It may be ice free 20 years which will dramatically local drinking water, crop irrigation and hydroelectric power. The mountain lies within 756 sq km, a UNESCO world heritage site and is one of the few places on earth that encompasses of ecological life zone including tropical jungle, savannah, desert to montane forests, subalphine plants and the alpine zone above timberline.

Kilimanjaro common routes:

Marangu route

Machame Route

Rongai Route

Lemosho route

Mweka route

Machame and Lemosho routes are popular and scenic.marangu is the easiest and busy although the last a scent to the crater rim is difficult. Climbing Kilimanjaro is easy and requires no technical climbing or mountaineering experience. With the exception of the summit zone, wildlife is potentially encountered throughout the lower parts of the climb. Animals existing in this area include: elephants, buffalo, eland on the northern slopes, black and white colobus monkeys,skyes monkeys and birds such as sunbirds, augur buzzard ,mountain hawk eagle lammergeyer and white napped ravens. Covered in mist most of the day Mount Kilimanjaro is the most tourist attractive site in Tanzania, pulling in thousands and thousands of tourists each year.

Kilimanjaro houses over 140 species of mammals, 179 species of birds and at least 7 larger mammal species above the tree line.

Access:

128 km from Arusha town.one hour drive from Kilimanjaro international airport.

Things to do:

Day or overnight hikes on the shira plateau

Nature Trails

Trout fishing

Visit to chala Crater Lake

Trekking and mountaineering

Accommodation:

Kilimanjaro mountain resort

Arusha Hotel

Protea Hotel Aishi

East African all suite Hotel

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